Kubernetes Engine

Create a Kubernetes cluster and deploy a container.

Kubernetes Engine is a secured and managed Kubernetes service so you can deploy containerized application in an enterprise/production-grade Kubernetes cluster with a click of a button.

Getting Started


cd $HOME
git clone https://github.com/saturnism/jvm-helloworld-by-example
cd jvm-helloworld-by-example/helloworld-springboot-tomcat


./mvnw package


Enable API

Enable the Container Registry API so that you can push container images to Container Registry.

gcloud services enable containerregistry.googleapis.com


Use Jib to containerize the application:

PROJECT_ID=$(gcloud config get-value project)
./mvnw compile com.google.cloud.tools:jib-maven-plugin:2.4.0:build \

Learn different ways to containerize a Java application in the Container Image section.

Create Cluster

Enable API

gcloud services enable compute.googleapis.com
gcloud services enable container.googleapis.com

Create Cluster

Create a VPC-native Kubernetes Engine cluster.

gcloud container clusters create helloworld-cluster \
--num-nodes 2 \
--enable-ip-alias \
--scopes=cloud-platform \
--network=default \
--machine-type n1-standard-1

See Compute Engine Machine Types documentation for a list of Machine Types and the associated CPU/Memory resources.

Cluster Credentials

Kubernetes credentials are automatically retrieved and stored in your $HOME/.kube/config file. If you need to re-retrieve the credentials:

gcloud container clusters get-credentials helloworld-cluster


PROJECT_ID=$(gcloud config get-value project)
kubectl create deployment helloworld \

Check that the container is deployed:

kubectl get pods


You can expose this one service using a single Network (L4) Load Balancer:

kubectl create service loadbalancer helloworld --tcp=8080:8080

A Network (L4) Load Balancer is the easiest way to expose a single service for a demo. For production environment, you likely will need to use a HTTP Load Balancer instead.


Find the Load Balancer's External IP address:

kubectl get services helloworld

Initially, it may display that the External IP is <pending>.

helloworld LoadBalancer ... <pending> 8080:32414/TCP ...

Re-check until the External IP is assigned.

Then connect with curl:

EXTERNAL_IP=$(kubectl get svc helloworld \
curl http://${EXTERNAL_IP}:8080

Learn More