Memorystore Memcached (beta)

Memorystore Memcached Instance

Enable API

gcloud services enable servicenetworking.googleapis.com
gcloud services enable memcache.googleapis.com

Enabling this API may take a few minutes.

Enable Private Service Access

Memorystore Memcached requires Private Services Access to be enabled. See Establishing a private services access connection documentation for more information.

Reserve an IP address range to be used in a VPC, so that the Memcached instance's IP address can be allocated within this range:

gcloud beta compute addresses create reserved-range \
--global --prefix-length=24 \
--description=description --network=default \
--purpose=vpc_peering

This is a simplified range creation on the default VPC network. In a production environment, you should verify what the range should be and which VPC network to allocate in.

Establish peering so that Memorystore can allocate the IP address in the reserved range in the VPC.

gcloud services vpc-peerings connect \
--service=servicenetworking.googleapis.com \
--ranges=reserved-range --network=default

Create an Instance

Create an instance and attach it to the default VPC.

gcloud beta memcache instances create orders-cache \
--node-count=1 --node-cpu=1 --node-memory=1G --region=us-central1

Creating a Memcached instance may take a few minutes.

Get Instance IP Address

gcloud beta memcache instances describe orders-cache \
--region=us-central1 --format="value(memcacheNodes.host)"

The IP address is not a static IP address. If you create the instance, the IP address may be different.

Connect to Instance

See Memorystore connectivity options to see how to connect to a Memorystore instance from different computing environments.

Computing Environment

Compute Engine

Guide

Kubernetes Engine

Guide

App Engine Flexible

Additional Configuration

App Engine Standard

VPC Service Connector

Cloud Run

VPC Service Connector

Cloud Function

VPC Service Connector

You can test quickly by creating a Compute Engine instance in a zone within the same region:

gcloud compute instances create test-memorystore-vm --zone=us-central1-c

SSH into the machine:

gcloud compute ssh test-memorystore-vm --zone=us-central1-c

Install redis-cli:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y telnet

Connect to the instance:

telnet <MEMORYSTORE_MEMCACHED_IP> 11211

You can try different Memcached commands, for example, stats:

Trying ...
Connected to 10.111.98.4.
Escape character is '^]'.
stats
STAT pid 1
STAT uptime 1020
STAT time 1594348128
...
END
quit
Connection closed by foreign host.

See Memcached commands for more information.

Spring Boot Cache

Spring Boot does not have a built-in Memcached support. However you can use a 3rd party Memcached starter to provide Spring Boot cache support, e.g.:

Dependency

Add the 3rd party Memcached Spring Boot starter:

Maven
Gradle
Maven
<dependency>
<groupId>io.sixhours</groupId>
<artifactId>memcached-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
<version>2.1.2</version>
</dependency>
Gradle
compile group: 'io.sixhours', name: 'memcached-spring-boot-starter:2.1.2'

Configuration

Configure the Memcached instance to connect to:

application.properties
memcached.cache.servers=<MEMORYSTORE_MEMCACHED_IP>:11211
memcached.cache.provider=static

Enable Caching

Turn on caching capability explicitly with the @EnableCaching annotation:

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableCaching
class DemoApplication {
...
}

Cacheable

Once you configured the Spring Boot with Redis and enabled caching, you can use the @Cacheable annotation to cache return values.

@Service
class OrderService {
private final OrderRepository orderRepository;
public OrderService(OrderRepository orderRepository) {
this.orderRepository = orderRepository;
}
@Cacheable("order")
public Order getOrder(Long id) {
orderRepository.findById(id);
}
}