Datastore Mode

Cloud Firestore Datastore Instance

There can only be one Cloud Firestore instance associated with a single project. The Datastore instance is automatically created when you enable the API:

There can only be one Datastore instance associated with a single project. The Cloud Firestore in Datastore instance is automatically created when you enable the API:

Enable API

gcloud services enable

Data Schema

Because Cloud Firestore is a NoSQL database, you do not need to explicitly create tables, define data schema, etc. Simply use the API to store new documents, and perform CRUD operations.

Spring Data Datastore

The easiest way to access Datastore is using Spring Cloud GCP's Spring Data Datastore starter. This starter provides full Spring Data support for Datastore while implementing idiomatic access patterns.

Spring Data Feature



Declarative Transaction


REST Repository

Query methods

Query annotation





Add the Spring Data Datastore starter:



There is no explicit configuration required if you use the automatic authentication and project ID detection. I.e., if you already logged in locally with gcloud command line, then it'll automatically use Datastore from the project you configured in gcloud.

Notice that there is no explicit configuration for username/password. Cloud Firestore authentication uses the GCP credential (either your user credential, or Service Account credential), and authorization is configured via Identity Access Management (IAM).


Spring Data Cloud Datastore allows you to map domain POJOs to Datastore documents via annotations. Read the Spring Data Datastore reference documentation for details

class Order {
    private Long id;
    private String description;
    private LocalDateTime timestamp;
    private List<OrderItem> items;

    // Getters and setters ...

class OrderItem {
    private String description;
    private Long quantity;

    // Getters and setters ...

Because Datastore is a document-oriented NoSQL database, you can have nested structure, you can establish parent-children relationships without complicated foreign keys.


Use Spring Data repository to quickly get CRUD access to the Datastore.

interface OrderRepository extends DatastoreRepository<Order, Long> {

In a business logic service you can utilize the repositories:

class OrderService {
    private final OrderRepository orderRepository;

    OrderService(OrderRepository orderRepository) {
        this.orderRepository = orderRepository;

    Order createOrder(Order order) {
        // Set the creation time

        // Children are saved in cascade.

Rest Repository

Spring Data Rest can expose a Spring Data repository directly on a RESTful endpoint, and rendering the payload as JSON with HATEOAS format. It supports common access patterns like pagination.

Add Spring Data Rest starter:

interface OrderRepository extends DatastoreRepository<Order, String> {

To access the endpoint for Order:

curl http://localhost:8080/orders


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